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The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 1606-0997
Vol. 25, No. 3, 2007, pp. 359-369
Bioline Code: hn07047
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2007, pp. 359-369

 en Determinants of Persistent Underweight Among Children, Aged 6-35 Months, After Huge Economic Development and Improvements in Health Services in Oman
Alasfoor, Deena; Traissac, Pierre; Gartner, Agnès & Delpeuch, Francis


Over the last decades, health indicators have witnessed major improvements in the Sultanate of Oman. This study was aimed at factors associated with underweight among children in four regions of Oman, as, in 1998, underweight was prevalent among 17.9% of children aged less than five years. A case-control study was conducted in 2002: 190 cases were 6-35-month old children with weight-for-age <-2 z-scores. Controls were individually matched by village of residence, sex, and age. The questionnaire included an­thropometry of children, child-feeding practices, morbidity, anthropometry of mothers, parity, birth-spac­ing, and socioeconomic characteristics. Conditional logistic regression was used for analyses. Birth-weight of <2,500 g was strongly associated with underweight and also were height of mother, low level of educa­tion of mother, bad quality of water in households, diarrhoea of children in the last two weeks, and regular use of infant formula. Factors, such as birth-weight, height of mother, supply of safe water in household, and care for mothers and children were the determinants of persistent underweight after huge economic development and improvements in health services. Further research is also needed to investigate further specific determinants of low birth-weight in the Omani context and try to disentangle emaciation and determinants of linear growth retardation.

Birth-weight; Case-control studies; Childcare; Child nutrition disorders; Underweight; Oman

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