The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 28, No. 3, 2010, pp. 253-263
Bioline Code: hn10033
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2010, pp. 253-263
© Copyright 2010 Journal of Health Population and Nutrition.
Risk factors and case management of acute diarrhoea in North Gondar zone, Ethiopia|
Mediratta, Rishi P.; Feleke, Amsalu; Moulton, Lawrence H.; Yifru, Sisay & Sack, Bradley R.
In Ethiopia, evidence is lacking about maternal care-taking and environmental risk factors that contribute to acute diarrhoea and the case management of diarrhoea.
The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors and to understand the management of acute diarrhoea. A pretested structured questionnaire was used for interviewing mothers
of 440 children in a prospective, matched, case-control study at the University of Gondar Referral and Teaching Hospital in Gondar, Ethiopia. Results of multivariate analysis
demonstrated that children who were breastfed and not completely weaned and mothers who were farmers were protective factors; risk factors for diarrhoea included sharing
drinking-water and introducing supplemental foods. Children presented with acute diarrhoea for 3.9 days with 4.3 stools per day. Mothers usually did not increase breastmilk and
other fluids during diarrhoea episodes and generally did not take children with diarrhoea to traditional healers. Incorporating messages about the prevention and treatment of
acute diarrhoea into child-health interventions will help reduce morbidity and mortality associated with this disease.
Case-control studies; Case management; Diarrhoea, Acute; Oral rehydration solution; Prospec-tive studies; Risk factors; Ethiopia
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