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The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
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ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 2072-1315
Vol. 28, No. 5, 2010, pp. 436-442
Bioline Code: hn10057
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2010, pp. 436-442

 en Treatment costs of pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, and other diseases among hospitalized children in Viet Nam
Anh, Dang Duc.; Riewpaiboon, Arthorn; Tho, Le Huu.; Kim, Soon Ae.; Nyambat, Batmunkh & Kilgore, Paul

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the costs of treatment of children who present with the signs and symptoms of invasive bacterial diseases in Khanh Hoa province, Viet Nam. The study was an incidence-based cost-of-illness analysis from the health system perspective. The hospital costs included labour, ma-terials and capital costs, both direct and indirect. Costs were determined for 980 children, with an average age of 12. 67 months (standard deviation± 11. 38), who were enrolled in a prospective surveillance at the Khanh Hoa General Hospital during 2005- 2006. Of them, 57% were male. By disease-category, 80% were suspected of having pneumonia, 8% meningitis, 3% very severe disease consistent with pneumococcal sep-sis, and 9% other diseases. Treatment costs for suspected pneumonia, meningitis, very severe disease, and other diseases were US$ 31, US$ 57, US$ 73, and US$ 24 respectively. Costs ranged from US$ 24 to US$ 164 across different case-categories. Both type of disease and age of patient had statistically significant effects on treatment costs. The results showed that treatment costs for bacterial diseases in children were consid-erable and might differ by as much as seven times among invasive pneumococcal diseases. Changes in costs were sensitive to both age of patient and case-category. These cost-of-illness data will be an important component in the overall evidence base to guide the development of vaccine policy in Viet Nam.

Keywords
Cost-of-illness; Healthcare costs; Meningitis; Pneumococcal diseases; Pneumonia; Sepsis; Viet Nam

 
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