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The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 1606-0997
Vol. 29, No. 3, 2011, pp. 286-289
Bioline Code: hn11035
Full paper language: English
Document type: Report
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2011, pp. 286-289

 en Obesity Patterns among Women in a Slum Area in Brazil
Alves, João G.; Falcão, Romero W.; Pinto, Renato A. & Correia, Jailson B.


High-energy diet and sedentary lifestyle fail to completely explain the epidemic of obesity in developing countries. In this cross-sectional survey, the prevalence and patterns of overweight/obesity were assessed among women in a slum in Brazil. Using anthropometric measurements, shorter form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and a 24-hour diet recall questionnaire, data were collected from 632 women aged 20-60 years. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 29% and 17% respectively. Physical inactivity was found in 17% of the women; 12% of them had short stature, and 44% had energy intake below the recommended dietary allowance. Results of multiple logistic regression showed that overweight/obesity differed significantly (p<0.05) in the following aspects: abdominal circumference, energy intake, and short stature. A high prevalence of overweight/obesity was found in a very poor community associated with high-energy intake and short stature.

Caloric intake; Cross-sectional studies; Obesity; Physical activity; Slum; Brazil

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