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The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 1606-0997
Vol. 30, No. 4, 2012, pp. 410-419
Bioline Code: hn12048
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 30, No. 4, 2012, pp. 410-419

 en Barriers to and Facilitators of Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in Nepal: A Qualitative Study
Wasti, Sharada P.; Simkhada,Padam; Randall,Julian; Freeman,Jennifer V & van Teijlingen, Edwin


Patient’s adherence is crucial to get the best out of antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study explores in-depth the barriers to and facilitators of ART adherence among Nepalese patients and service providers prescribing ART. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with 34 participants. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and translated into English before being analyzed thematically. ART-prescribed patients described a range of barriers for failing to adhere to ART. Financial difficulties, access to healthcare services, frequent transport blockades, religious/ritual obstacles, stigma and discrimination, and sideeffects were the most-frequently discussed barriers whereas trustworthy health workers, perceived health benefits, and family support were the most-reported facilitators. Understanding barriers and facilitators can help in the design of an appropriate and targeted intervention. Healthcare providers should address some of the practical and cultural issues around ART whilst policy-makers should develop appropriate social policy to promote adherence among ART-prescribed patients.

Adherence; Antiretroviral drugs; Barriers; Facilitators; HIV/AIDS; South Asia

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