Factors Influencing Childhood Immunization in Uganda|
This paper investigates the factors associated with childhood immunization in Uganda. We used nationallyrepresentative
data from Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS) of 2006. Both bivariate and multivariate
approaches were employed in the analysis. The bivariate approach involved generating average
percentages of children who were immunized, with analysis of pertinent background characteristics. The
multivariate approach involved employing maximum likelihood probit technique and generating marginal
effects to ascertain the probability of being immunized, given the same background characteristics.
It revealed that slightly over 50% of children in Uganda were fully immunized. Additionally, 89%, 24%,
52%, and 64% received BCG, DPT, polio and measles vaccines respectively. Factors which have a significant
association with childhood immunization are: maternal education (especially at post-secondary level),
exposure to media, maternal healthcare utilization, maternal age, occupation type, immunization plan,
and regional and local peculiarities. Children whose mothers had post-secondary education were twice as
likely to be fully immunized compared to their counterparts whose mothers had only primary education
(p<0.01). Thus, gender parity in education enhancement efforts is crucial. There is also a need to increase
media penetration, maternal healthcare utilization, and to ensure parity across localities and regions.
BCG vaccine; DPT vaccine; Polio vaccine; Full immunization; Measles vaccine; Uganda