The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 32, No. 1, 2014, pp. 149-154
Bioline Code: hn14018
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2014, pp. 149-154
© The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Household Management of Childhood Diarrhoea: A Population-based Study in Nicaragua|
Becker-Dreps, Sylvia; Zambrana, Luis Enrique; Reyes, Daniel; Vilchez, Samuel & Weber, David J.
Diarrhoea remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity among children in Nicaragua. As the
majority of diarrhoeal cases are treated at home and appropriate household management can lessen severity
of diarrhoea, the objective of this study was to examine household management of childhood diarrhoea.
A simple random sample of households was selected from the Health and Demographic Surveillance
Site-León. Parents or caretakers of children below five years of age, who developed diarrhoea (n=232),
were surveyed about household diarrhoea management practices in 2011. Fifty-seven percent of children
received oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in the home prior to visiting any health facility. We encountered
certain practices in contradiction with WHO recommendations for the management of diarrhoea in communities:
41% of children were offered protein-rich foods less frequently during diarrhoeal episodes, 20%
of children were nursed less frequently or not at all during diarrhoeal episodes, and zinc supplementation
was recommended at only 39% of visits with healthcare providers. Our findings provide insights for efforts
to improve the household management of childhood diarrhoea in Nicaragua.
Child; Diarrhoea; Household management; Nicaragua
Alternative site location: http://www.jhpn.net