The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 32, No. 2, 2014, pp. 198-216
Bioline Code: hn14024
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2014, pp. 198-216
© Copyright 2014 - The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Seasonal Dietary Intakes and Socioeconomic Status among Women in the Terai of Nepal|
Campbell, Rebecca K.; Talegawkar, Sameera A.; Christian, Parul; LeClerq, Steven C.; Khatry, Subarna K.; Wu, Lee S.F. & West, Jr., Keith P.
Despite widespread nutritional deficiencies, investigations of usual diet in rural South Asia remain sparse.
The present study characterizes year-round and seasonal dietary patterns of women in the Terai of Nepal
by sociodemographic status, using a novel, weekly single-visit and usual food frequency questionnaire
that links recall to the agricultural season. The study was conducted across seasons in 2006-2008 among
15,899 women of reproductive age in Sarlahi district. Intakes were tabulated for all foods, overall and by
socioeconomic status (SES), and in and out of season, as appropriate. Foods consumed regularly [median
(interquartile range) weekly frequency] were rice [13 (7-13)], potatoes [10 (5-13)], legumes [6 (2-9)], and vegetable
oil [13 (13-13)]. Animal products were infrequently consumed [1 (0-2) time per week] as were fruits
and vegetables, most with a median weekly intake frequency of 0. Higher SES was associated with more
frequent consumption of most food-groups, including in-season fruits and vegetables. Diets of women in
the Terai of Nepal lack diversity and, likely, nutrient adequacy, which may pose health risks.
Dietary adequacy; Female; Food frequency; Interviews; Rural population; Seasons; Socioeconomic factors; Undernutrition; Nepal
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