The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 32, No. 3, 2014, pp. 513-519
Bioline Code: hn14055
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2014, pp. 513-519
© Copyright 2014 - The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Evaluation of the Prevalence and Correlated Factors for Decreased Bone Mass Density among Pre- and Post-menopausal Educated Working Women in Saudi Arabia|
Mahboub, Samira M.; Al-Muammar, May N. & Elareefy, Azza A.
Most of the previous studies on osteoporosis have focused on post-menopausal women, and more research
is needed to evaluate its prevalence in pre-menopausal women. This study was carried out to evaluate
the prevalence and correlated factors for decreased bone mass density among pre- and post-menopausal
women. This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Applied Medical Sciences College under King Saud
University. All pre- and post-menopausal women working there were invited to participate in the study.
Measurement of bone mass density was done by quantitative ultrasound densitometry. One-fourth of the
pre-menopausal females had osteopaenia. There was a significant correlation between having osteoporosis
and increasing age, fertility period, parity, menopausal duration, gynaecological age, and presence of comorbidity,
especially hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Pre-menopausal females had high prevalence of
osteopaenia (24.8%), and it is recommended to implement health education campaigns demonstrating the
preventive measures of osteoporosis.
Calcium; Fertility; Gynaecological age; Osteoporosis; Parity; Pre-menopausal; Soft drink; Saudi Arabia
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