The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 33, No. 2, 2015, pp. 1-9
Bioline Code: hn15039
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2015, pp. 1-9
© Copyright 2015 - The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Combined effect of unsaturated fatty acids and saturated fatty acids on the metabolic syndrome: tehran lipid and glucose study|
Hosseinpour-Niazi, Somayeh; Mirmiran, Parvin; Fallah-ghohroudi, Arefeh & Azizi, Fereidoun
Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the background intakes of total dietary fat, monounsaturated
fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) modulate the effects of dietary saturated fatty acids (SFA) on
metabolic syndrome (MetS).
Material and Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample of 4
677 adults, aged 19 to 84 years. MetS was defined according to the ATP III criteria.
Results: Median intakes of SFA, MUFA and PUFA were 9.5, 9.6 and 5.6% of total energy. High SFA intakes were
associated with higher prevalence of MetS, in both individuals with higher and lower median intakes of total fat,
MUFA and PUFA.
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that SFA intakes were positively associated with the prevalence of MetS,
independent of total dietary fat, MUFA and PUFA intake.
Metabolic syndrome; Monounsaturated fatty acid; Polyunsaturated fatty acid; Saturated fatty acid; Interaction
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