Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) supplemented modified oral rehydration solution in the treatment of severely malnourished children with watery diarrhoea: a randomised double-blind controlled trial|
Alam, Nur Haque; Ashraf, Hasan; Kamruzzaman, Mohammad; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Islam, Sufia; Olesen, Maryam Kadjar; Gyr, Niklaus & Meier, Remy
Objectives: To examine whether PHGG added ORS reduce duration of diarrhoea, stool output and enhance weight gain.
Methods: In a double-blind controlled clinical trial, 126 malnourished children (weight for length/weight for age
< −3 Z-score with or without pedal edema), aged 6 – 36 months with acute diarrhoea <7 days were studied in two
treatment groups; 63 received modified WHO ORS (Na 75, K 40, Cl 87, citrate 7, glucose 90 mmol/L) with PHGG 15 g/L
(study group); 63 received modified WHO ORS without PHGG (control). Other treatments were similar in both groups.
The study protocol was approved by Ethics Committee of icddr,b; the study was carried out at the Dhaka Hospital.
Results: The mean duration of diarrhoea (h) was significantly shorter in children of the study group (Study vs. control,
mean ± SD, 57 ± 31 vs. 75 ± 39, p = 0.01). Although there was a trend in stool weight reduction in children receiving
ORS with PHGG (study vs. control, stool weight (g), mean ± SD; 1st 24 hour, 854.03 ± 532.15 vs. 949.11 ± 544.33, p = 0.32;
2nd 24 hour, 579.84 ± 466.01 vs. 761.26 ± 631.64, p = 0.069; 3rd 24 hour, 385.87 ± 454.09 vs. 495.73 ± 487.61, p = 0.196),
especially in 2nd 24 h period, the difference was not statistically significant. The mean time (day) to attain weight for
length 80% of NCHS median without edema was significantly shorter in the study group (study vs. control, mean ± SD,
4.5 ± 2.6 vs. 5.7 ± 2.8, p = 0.027).
Conclusion: PHGG added to ORS substantially reduced duration of diarrhoea. It also enhanced weight gain. Further
studies might substantiate to establish its beneficial effect.
Clinical trial registration number: NCT01821586
Diarrhoea; Severe malnutrition; Children; Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG)