The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 35, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-6
Bioline Code: hn16007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-6
© Copyright 2016 - The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Association among dietary magnesium, serum magnesium, and diabetes: a crosssectional study in middle-aged and older adults|
Wei, Jie; Zeng, Chao; Li, Xiao-xiao; Gong, Qian-yi; Lei, Guang-hua & Yang, Tu-bao
Background: A number of studies have reported the association between magnesium (Mg) and diabetes. However,
the various conclusions were inconsistent and the data on the Chinese population was limited. The objective of this
study was to evaluate the association among dietary Mg, serum Mg, and diabetes in Chinese adults.
Methods: A cross-sectional study that contained 2904 subjects was conducted. Biochemical test results and dietary
intakes of subjects were collected for analysis. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95 % confidence
intervals (95 % CIs) were used to determine the relationship between Mg status and diabetes by logistic regression.
Results: The prevalence of diabetes of the investigated population was 10.1 %. Dietary Mg intake was not significantly
correlated with diabetes (P > 0.05). The significant negative association between serum Mg and diabetes existed, and
the multivariate adjusted OR was 0.34 (95 % CI 0.24, 0.49) in model 3 for the highest quartile of serum Mg compared
with the lowest. The P values for trend were all less than 0.001 for the relationship between serum Mg and diabetes.
Dietary Mg intake and serum Mg were not significantly correlated in the diabetes population (P = 0.936).
Conclusions: Dietary Mg was not significantly correlated with diabetes, while serum Mg was inversely correlated with
diabetes in the Chinese population. Meanwhile, dietary Mg intake and serum Mg were not significantly correlated in
the diabetes population.
Dietary magnesium; Serum magnesium; Diabetes; Cross-sectional study
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