The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 36, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-8
Bioline Code: hn17023
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-8
© Copyright 2017 - The Author(s)
Nutritional status of preschool children attending kindergartens in Kosovo|
Rysha, Agim; Gjergji, Tahire M. & Ploeger, Angelika
Background: There is very limited data on malnutrition of preschool children in Kosovo. The main objective of the
study is to provide a nutritional status profile of preschool children attending kindergartens in Kosovo.
Methods: Cross-sectional study of children aged 12–59 months (n = 352 children) and children aged 60–83 months
(n = 134) enrolled in public and private kindergartens of Kosovo. Anthropometric measurements used for this study
are weight and height of the preschoolers (12–83 months). A measuring board was used for measuring the length/height of children younger than 2 years, while digital weight and height scale Seca 763 was used for measuring of
preschool children taller than 110 and Seca 213 was used for measuring the height for children who were shorter
than 110 cm. Statistical analyses of underweight and overweight trends across sex and age groups as well as
between children from public and private kindergartens were carried out. Qualitative variables were tested with a
chi-square test. The differences between groups were assessed with a Student t test for normally distributed
variables and a Mann-Whitney test for abnormally distributed numerical variables.
Results: The mean z-scores for weight-for-age, height-for-age, weight-for-height, and BMI-for-age largely fell within 0.0
and 1.0. The percentage of stunted children is 3%, whereas child wasting is 1.9%. The overall percentage of obese
children is 2.3%; furthermore, 8.9% are overweight and 27.3% have a possible risk of being overweight.
Conclusions: The incidence of children underweight is slightly decreasing. The prevalence of overweight and
obese children in sample chosen is evident.
Kosovo; Preschool children; Child underweight; Child overweight
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