The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 39, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9
Bioline Code: hn20001
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9
© Copyright 2020 - The Author(s)
Breastfeeding and child survival from 0 to 5 years in Côte d'Ivoire|
Yapo, Yomin Virginie
Background: One of the main objectives of health policy-makers is to promote children’s growth, development,
and survival. The current research evaluates the impact of breastfeeding on infant survival and highlights the major
socio-economic determinants of child survival from 0 to 5 years old in Côte d’Ivoire.
Methods: This study uses Probit estimation to evaluate the impact of the type of breastfeeding on the survival of
children aged from 0 to 5 years old. The main socio-economic determinants of child survival were identified and
analyzed. The sample of the study covers 7776 children under 5 years old drawn from the Côte d'Ivoire
Demographic Health Surveys and the Multiple Indicators cluster survey of 2012.
Results: A child is more likely to survive when immediate exclusive breastfeeding was practiced for up to 6
months. The probability of survival increases significantly when the mother lives in a healthy environment, when
she has at least a primary school education, and when she plays a leading role in caring for the children. Likewise,
when she better controls the market of some breast milk supplement and she chooses the best milk formula to
complete feeding for her baby, the child’s chances of survival increase significantly.
Conclusion: Health policy-makers must strengthen programs to promote exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months
through social campaigns. It should also strengthen the capacity of health workers (midwives, nurses, doctors, etc.)
to better guide and provide training to mothers and young women about childbearing age to allow them to
practice exclusive breastfeeding for up to 6 months. It is only after 6 months that they have to complete infant
feeding by providing some semi-solid food rich in vitamins, proteins, and minerals. Taking into account the time
constraint when they are engaged in economic activity, they must choose the best formula milk to supplement
breastfeeding. It is also important to educate women to improve hygiene in their housing, in their neighborhood
and in their community in order to promote the welfare and health of their children.
Exclusive Breastfeeding; Child survival; Health; up to 6 months; Mother; Côte d’Ivoire
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