Child development and nutritional status in 12–59 months of age in resource limited setting of Ethiopia|
Workie, Shimelash Bitew; Mekonen, Tesfa; Mekonen, Tefera Chane & Fekadu, Wubalem
Background: Early years of life are period of maximal growth and development of human brain. Development of
young child is influenced by biological endowment and health of child, nutritional status of child, relationships with
primary caregivers, family, and support systems in the community. This study was aimed to assess childhood
development in relation to their nutritional status.
Method: Community-based cross-sectional study was employed. Multi–stage systematic random sampling
technique was used to select 626 children aged 12-59 months with mother/caregivers’ pairs in Wolaita district in
2015. Child development assessment was done using third edition of age and stage questionnaire. Height and
weight were measured by trained data collectors then the WHO Anthro version 3.2.2 software was used to convert
nutritional data indices. Data were entered into Epi-info version 3.3.5 and was exported and analyzed using STATA
version 14. Correlation and multiple logistic regression were used.
Result: High risk of developmental problem in children were 19.0% with 95% CI (16.06%, 22.3%), and it is expressed
as communication 5.8%, gross motor 6.1%, fine motor 4.0%, personal social 8.8%, and problem solving 4.1%. One-third (34.1%) of the study participants were stunted while 6.9% and 11.9% of them were wasted and underweight
respectively. Weight-for-age (WAZ) and height-for-age positively correlated with all five domains of development,
i.e., with communication, gross motor, fine motor, personal social, and problem solving (r = 0.1 − 0.23; p < 0.0001,
and r = 0.131 − 0.249; p < 0.0001) respectively.
Conclusion and recommendation: Overall child development was directly related with nutritional status. So,
available resources should be offered to decrease children undernutrition. Further assessment on childhood
development of children is necessary
Child development; Development delay; Ages and stages questionnaire