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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 8, No. 4, 2008, pp. 239-243
Bioline Code: hs08050
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2008, pp. 239-243

 en Epidemiology, of bilharzias (schistosomiasis) in Uganda from 1902 until 2005
Emmanuel, I. Odongo Aginya & Doehring, Ekkehard


Background: Schistosoma mansoni check for this species in other resources was observed and reported in Kuluva hospital Arua District in north western Uganda as early as 1902. S. mansoni is widely distributed in Uganda along permanent water bodies.
Objective: To review the litreture on scistosomiasis in Uganda, since 1902. Method: The core literature for this short review was searched from reports and publications by the British colonial Ministry of Health Districts Medical officers and Entomologists. Additional information was obtained from Makerere University Medical School library archives, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine library archives, University of Antrwap, and post independence publications on schistosomiasis in Uganda in various journals.
Results: Since it was first detected in 1902 Schistosoma (S) mansoni is more widely distributed in Uganda than S. haematobium. However Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium are of public health importance in Uganda and the importance of migrants and fishermen in disseminating infections into non-infested areas and intensifying infection in areas already infested have been reported.
Conclusion: S. mansoni has been on the increase in Uganda whereas S. haematobium is localized in sporadic foci in the north of Uganda. Treatment with praziquantel the drug of choice in Uganda used in schistosomiasis control programme has reduced development of severe schistosomiasis.

© Copyright 2008 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda

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