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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, pp. 179-185
Bioline Code: hs09040
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, pp. 179-185

 en A re-appraisal of Warfarin control in the treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis and / or Pulmonary Embolism
Amiwero, C; Campbell, IA & Prescott, RJ


Background: Warfarin is commonly used for management of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), controlling therapy by means of the International Normalized Ratio (INR).
Objectives: To identify differences in INR results between patients with thromboembolic and haemorrhagic complications and controls.
Methods: Two nested case-control studies from within a controlled trial of the duration of warfarin therapy (47 thrombotic and16 haemorrhagic complications).
Results: Patients whose thromboembolism failed to resolve during treatment or recurred during or after treatment had non-significantly lower INR levels than matched controls (geometric mean 2.2 versus 2.3, p = 0.12). Patients with haemorrhage also had not statistically significant lower INR levels than their matched controls (2.1 versus 2.3, p = 0.22). The variability of INR levels was similar in both case groups and controls. The mean percentage of INR levels in the therapeutic range 2 3 was almost identical in thrombotic cases and controls (56.5% versus 56.1%). Compared to the haemorrhagic group, better control was achieved in controls (61.5% versus 43.0%, p =0.01), but controls had slightly more INR values above the therapeutic range (12.1% versus 10.5%, p = 0.74) whilst haemorrhagic cases had more INR values below the therapeutic range (46.6% versus 26.4%, p = 0.03).
Conclusion: In this study, higher INR levels were not associated with haemorrhage suggesting that, for patients being treated for DVT/PE, a modest increase in the target therapeutic range could be considered.

Warfarin Control in treatment of DVT/PE

© Copyright 2009 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda

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