African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 9, No. s2, 2009, pp. S66-S71
Bioline Code: hs09049
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 9, No. s2, 2009, pp. S66-S71
© Copyright 2009 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda
Will private health insurance schemes subscriptions continue after the introduction of National Health Insurance in Uganda?|
Zikusooka, CM; Kyomuhang, RL; Orem, JN & Tumwine, M
Uganda is currently designing a National Health Insurance (NHI) scheme, with the aim of raising additional resources for the health sector. Very little was known about the health insurance market in Uganda before this study, so one of our main objectives was to investigate the nature of the private health insurance market in Uganda and the opinions of various stakeholders on NHI, with the view to establish the impact of NHI implementation on the existing PHI. Specifically, we aimed to gather the opinions of employees and employers on the likely impact of NHI on their PHI schemes.
We conducted interviews with health insurance providers, and a sample of employers and employees in Kampala, using structured questionnaires and analysed quantitative data using STATA8. Qualitative data was analysed through grouping of emerging themes. Community-based health insurances were excluded from the study.
Health insurance and/or prepayment schemes are offered by a handful of organisations or private health providers, mainly in Kampala and cover a relatively small percentage of Uganda's population. The premiums charged and the benefit packages offered by the different agencies vary widely. There are 2 health insurance agencies, 2 HMOs and about 5 or more private providers offering pre-payment schemes to their patients. Responses from a significant proportion of employers and employees show that PHI schemes may be abandoned once the mandatory NHI scheme is implemented. A few respondents argued that they would maintain their PHI subscriptions because of their perceptions of the quality of services likely to be provided under the NHI scheme.
If successfully introduced, the NHI scheme may displace existing private health insurance and/or pre-payment schemes in Uganda. The extent to which PHI schemes are displaced depends on whether NHI is successfully implemented and the quality of services being offered under the NHI scheme.
health financing, health insurance, pre-payment mechanisms