Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among men.
To investigate the trace elements (Se, Zn, Cu and Cd) and vitamin E status of some Nigerian prostate cancer
(PCa) patients relative to their prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values.
Prostate cancer patients were assigned into groups 1, 2 and 3 with PSA of 5-10 ng/ml, 11-20 ng/ml and > 20 ng/
The results showed that the levels of whole blood superoxide dismutase (SOD) and serum Se and Zn were
significantly lower (p< 0.05) in the PCa patients. Specifically, levels of SOD, Se and Zn decreased by 67%, 30% and 35%;
70%, 52% and 41%; 81%, 58% and 47%, in subjects with PSA of 5-10 ng/ml, 11-20 ng/ml and > 20 ng/ml, respectively.
There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) in levels of Cu and Cd. Serum Cu/ Zn ratio were significantly higher in PCa
patients. The Cu/Zn ratios were 1: 1.2: 1.3 for subjects in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Vitamin E levels in PCa patients
were significantly lower and followed the order; normal > PSA (5-10) > PSA (11-20) > PSA (> 20).
Deficiency of vitamin E, Zn and Se may be risk factors for development of PCa.