African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 11, No. 1, 2011, pp. 103 - 107
Bioline Code: hs11016
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2011, pp. 103 - 107
© Copyright 2011 African Health Sciences.
The prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts among individuals attending an adult psychiatry out-patient clinic in Gondar, Ethiopia|
Mekonnen, D. & Kebede, Y.
Background: Suicide is a common problem worldwide and the magnitude is high especially in countries where mental illnesses are prevalent and psychiatric services are poor.
Objective: We determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts among patients who attended the Psychiatry Clinic of Gondar University Hospital.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from March-December 2006 involving a total of 474 patients. Data was collected using a pre tested structured questionnaire containing basic socio-demographic variables, psychiatric diagnosis, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt, the methods of suicide attempt and ways of survival from the attempted suicide. It was administered by psychiatry nurses working in the clinic. The data was analyzed anonymously using SPSS software.
Results: The commonest mental illness was Major Depressive Disorder (51.3%) followed by Psychosis (38%). Ninety one (19.2 %) patients attempted suicide at least once after the onset of the current mental illness and 307(64.8%) have suicidal ideation. The common method of suicidal attempt was hanging (45.1%) and 69.2% were at home. An association was found between suicidal ideation and attempt (OR=33.7; CI=8.27-138.8, P-value <0.01).
Conclusion: Suicidal ideation was common in psychiatric patients. It was also associated with suicidal attempt.
suicidal ideation, attempt, hanging, Ethiopia