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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 11, No. 3, 2011, pp. 438-443
Bioline Code: hs11090
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2011, pp. 438-443

 en Incidence, causes and pattern of cancellation of Elective surgical operations in a University Teaching Hospital in the Lake Zone, Tanzania
Chalya, PL; Gilyoma, JM; Mabula, JB; Simbila, S; Ngayomela, IH; Chandika, AB & Mahalu, W


Background: Cancellation of elective surgical operations is recognized as a major cause of emotional trauma to patients as well as their families. This study was carried out to assess the incidence, causes and pattern of cancellation of elective surgical operations in our setting and to find the appropriate solutions for better patient management.
Methods: This was a prospective hospital-based study which was conducted in a teaching hospital at Bugando medical Centre from March 2009 to February 2010.
Results: A total of 3,064 patients were scheduled for elective surgical operations. Of these, 644 (21.0%) patients' operations were cancelled. General surgery had the highest rate of cancellations (31.5%) followed by orthopaedic surgery in 25.5%. Lack of theatre space and theatre facilities were the most common causes of cancellations in 53.0% and 28.4% of cases respectively. The majority of these cancellations were attributable to hospital administration in 82.0 % and most of them were preventable in 93.8% of cases. The mean hospital stay was 28.46 days and it was significantly related to the number of cancellations (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Cancellation of elective surgical operations is a significant problem in our hospital. To prevent unnecessary cancellations, efforts should be made to enhance cost effectiveness through careful planning and efficient utilization of the few available hospital resources

Elective surgical operations; cancellation; causes; incidence; Tanzania

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