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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 12, No. 1, 2012, pp. 74-76
Bioline Code: hs12013
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2012, pp. 74-76

 en Dermatomyositis associated with HIV-1 infection in a Nigerian adult female: a case report
Ogoina, D; Umar, A & Obiako, OR


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been implicated as a trigger for various autoimmune diseases, one of which is dermatomyositis. This is a very rare autoimmune disease characterised by myopathy, typical cutaneous signs and variable systemic manifestations. To our knowledge, the association of this rare disease with HIV infection has not been previously reported in Nigeria. We therefore decided to report the case of a 40 year old HIV-1 infected Nigerian female who presented to us with muscle, skin, and systemic manifestations of dermatomyositis. Our aim is to show the effect of HIV infection, as well as HAART-induced immune reconstitution on the clinical course of dermatomyositis.

dermatomyositis, HIV, autoimmune disease, immune reconstitution syndrome, Nigeria

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