African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 12, No. 2, 2012, pp. 174-180
Bioline Code: hs12029
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2012, pp. 174-180
© Copyright 2012 - African Health Sciences
Q-angle, Pelvic width, and Intercondylar notch width as predictors of knee injuries in women soccer players in South Africa|
Mohamed, E.E.; Useh, U. & Mtshali, B.F.
Objective: To investigate the association between the three anatomical factors of Q-angle (QA), pelvic width (PW) and
Intercondylar notch width (INW) and knee injuries among the U-23 female soccer players of South Africa
Methods: The study is a case-control prospective study design. Twenty four U-23 women soccer players of the South
African team were purposively chosen to participate in this study. Participants were divided into two groups: group1 (Case)
was those with knee injuries, while those without injuries were in group-2 (Control). PW and INW were measured after Xrays
of the hip were taken while the QA was measured manually with the goniomenter. Association between anatomical
factors and knee injuries were tested with ANOVA.
Results: Q-angle ranged from 14° to 18° for both injured and non injured groups. PW was between 24 -29 cm for both
injured and non injured groups. INW was between 1.3mm and 2.8mm for the right and between 1.4mm and 2.5mm for
the left notch for the injured group, while INW for the right and left of the non injured group were between 1.7mm to
2.1mm and 1.8mm to 2.1mm, respectively No significant association between knee injuries and each of the anatomical
factors was found QA (p= 0.74), PW (p=0.34), INW (right and left respectively) (p=0.142 and p=0.089).
Conclusion: The three anatomical factors of QA, PW and INW could not be used to predict knee injuries amongst the U
23 female players in South Africa.
Pelvic width; Q-Angle; Intercondylar Notch Width; Female Soccer; Knee Injuries