African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 39-46
Bioline Code: hs13007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 39-46
© Copyright 2012 - African Health Sciences
Nutrition status and associated factors among children in public primary schools in Dagoretti, Nairobi, Kenya|
Mwaniki, EW & Makokha, AN
Background: Malnutrition among school-age children is due to inadequacies in one or more of the three main preconditions
for good nutrition: food, care and health. Children stunted at school age are likely to have been exposed to poor nutrition
since early childhood. Interventions for school age children can supplement efforts to reduce levels of stunting in the
Objective: To assess the nutrition status and associated risk factors of children in selected public primary schools in
Dagoretti Division, Nairobi.
Methods: Descriptive cross sectional design was used. 208 students aged 4-11years of both gender were randomly selected
from four public primary schools in Dagoretti Division. Data was collected from school registers and directly questioning
the students, parents /guardians.
Results: Among the children surveyed, 24.5% were stunted, 14.9% underweight and 9.7% were wasted. There were
more boys than girls who were stunted. Breakfast contributed 10.2% of the daily energy intake. Few children consumed
foods from more than four food groups. Incidence of diarrhea, colds/coughs increased the risk of stunting and
Conclusions:Consumption of food which is inadequate in required calories and from less than four varieties of food
groups by the children were important predictors of malnutrition.