African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 62-67
Bioline Code: hs13010
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 62-67
© Copyright 2012 - African Health Sciences
Non communicable disease and risky behaviour in an urban university community Nigeria|
Ige OK; Owoaje ET & Adebiyi OA
Background: Most developing countries have only limited information on the burden of Non Communicable Diseases
(NCDs) even though rapid transitions in these NCDs have been predicted.
Objectives: To describe the burden of selected NCDs and associated risk behaviours in an urban university community in
Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 525 representative staff of a University in a large city in Nigeria was conducted.
Results:In all, 27.6% were already diagnosed with at least one NCD (hypertension-21.5%, diabetes-11%, cancer 2.9%)
while 67.4% reported at least one risk behaviour (unhealthy diet- 96%, sedentary living- 27.4% excessive alcohol use-5.1%
and smoking- 1.9%). Multiple risk behaviours were observed in 29.9% with no significant variation by sex or age. Those 40
years and above had significantly higher prevalence of NCD, particularly for hypertension (p<0.05). Only 7%, considered
themselves to be at risk of NCDs. Those whose parents had NCDs OR: 5.9 (2.4-14.5) and those who currently had NCDs
OR: 3.9(1.8-8.1) perceived themselves at risk of one or more NCDs, but not those with multiple risk behaviours.
Conclusion:The high burden of NCDs and risk behaviours in the face of limited self-perceived risk has been demonstrated
and calls for urgent intervention.
Non communicable disease, risk behaviour, Nigeria