African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 68-77
Bioline Code: hs13011
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 68-77
© Copyright 2012 - African Health Sciences
Factors associated with depression and suicide among patients with diabetes mellitus and essential hypertension in a Nigerian teaching hospital|
Igwe MN; Uwakwe R; Ahanotu CA; Onyeama GM; Bakare MO & Ndukuba AC
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and essential hypertension are chronic medical conditions that place a lot of burden
on patients. The presence of depression and suicidal behaviour may worsen the prognosis.
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of depression and suicidal behaviour in subjects with diabetes mellitus and essential
hypertension and also determine the socio-demographic correlates.
Methods:Major depressive episode and suicidality modules of Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview were used
to assess depression and suicidal behaviour respectively.
Results:The prevalence of depression for the subjects with DM was 27.8% and 26.7% for essential hypertension. The
subjects with DM had prevalence of 6.3% for suicidal behaviour while essential hypertension had 7.8%. Depression was
higher in subjects with DM if they were not married or had no education while the subjects with essential hypertension were
more likely to have depression if they were not married, had no education or not employed. Suicidal behaviour was higher
in subjects with DM if they had no education while in essential hypertension suicidal behaviour was higher in females, those
not married and those not educated.
Conclusion:Depression and suicidal behaviour occur with DM and essential hypertension.