African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 14, No. 2, 2014, pp. 322-333
Bioline Code: hs14049
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2014, pp. 322-333
© African Health Sciences
Utilization of health care services in rural and urban areas: a determinant factor in planning and managing health care delivery systems|
Oladipo, Jimoh Ayanda
Background: Disparities in use of healthcare services between rural and urban areas have been empirically attributed to several factors. This study explores the existence of this disparity and its implication for planning and managing healthcare delivery systems.
Objectives: The objectives determine the relative importance of the various predisposing, enabling, need and health services factors on utilization of health services; similarity between rural and urban areas; and major explanatory variables for utilization
Method: A four-stage model of service utilization was constructed with 31 variables under appropriate model components. Data is collected using cross-sectional sample survey of 1086 potential health services consumers in selected health facilities and resident milieu via questionnaire. Data is analyzed using factor analysis and cross tabulation.
Results: The 4-stage model is validated for the aggregate data and data for the rural areas with 3-stage model for urban areas. The order of importance of the factors is need, enabling, predisposing and health services. 11 variables are found to be powerful predictors of utilization.
Conclusion: Planning of different categories of health care facilities in different locations should be based on utilization rates while proper management of established facilities should aim to improve health seeking behavior of people.
Utilization; healthcare Delivery System; Planning; Model; Factor Analysis; Rural and Urban Areas