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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 14, No. 3, 2014, pp. 689-697
Bioline Code: hs14103
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2014, pp. 689-697

 en Normative ultrasound values of renal parenchymal thickness among adults in Enugu, South-East Nigeria.
Eze, Charles; Okoye, Joy & Agwu, Kenneth


Background: Reduction in renal length was found to be an insufficient independent indicator of chronic renal disease.
Objective: To determine the ultrasound normative values of renal parenchymal thickness (RPT) among adults and correlate them with age and somatometric parameters.
Methods: This was a prospective clinic based study involving 310 normal adults (135 males and 175 females) scanned at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu between August 2003 and November 2004. The RPT measurements were made from the outer renal cortical margin to the outer margin of the sinus echoes at the three major poles. The age, height, weight and body mass index were recorded for each subject.
Results: The average RPT are 1.85 ± 0.20 cm for the right kidney and 1.95 ± 0.19 cm for the left kidney. RPT exhibited strong positive correlation with height, weight and body mass index and significant negative correlation with age. No significant difference in mean RPT of both kidneys between genders (p > 0.05). The mean RPT of the left kidney was found to be statistically higher than that of the right kidney (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Normal values of RPT are important in the evaluation of patients with chronic renal disease.

Adult; Kidney; Parenchymal thickness; 1Ultrasound

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