Adolescent low back pain among secondary school students in Ibadan, Nigeria|
Adegoke, Babatunde O. A.; Odole, Adesola C. & Adeyinka, Adebayo A.
Background: Adolescent low back pain (ALBP) can be considered a signal or precursor of a serious organic disease or telltale
sign of future incidence of low back pain in adulthood. Published articles on ALBP in Nigeria are not readily available.
Objectives: The study’s objectives were to investigate the prevalence of Adolescent Low Back Pain (ALBP) among secondary
school students in Ibadan, Nigeria and the prevalence’s association with some socio-demographic variables.
Methods: Participants were adolescent students from 15 secondary schools in Ibadan. Data was collected using a respondent-
administered, validated questionnaire on low back pain in adolescents. Participants (Female: 298; Male: 273) aged 14.23
±2.27 years (range 10-19) were recruited through multi-stage random sampling. Five hundred and seventy-one (83.97%) of
the 680 copies of the questionnaire administered were returned. Data was analysed using mean, standard deviation, frequency,
percentages, and Chi-square test with alpha level at 0.05.
Result: Lifetime, twelve-month, one-month and point prevalence rates of ALBP were 58.0%, 43.8%, 25.6% and 14.7%
respectively. Age at first experience of ALBP was 11.86 ± 2.36 years. Gender was not significantly associated with any rate
(p ≥0.317). Age (p ≤ 0.043) and engagement in commercial activities (p ≤ 0.025) were significantly associated with all period
prevalence rates while injury to the back was significantly associated with all period prevalence rates except point prevalence
(p = 0.087).
Conclusion: Adolescent low back pain is common among secondary school students in Ibadan and its prevalence is significantly associated with age and engagement in commercial activities, but not with gender.
Adolescent; low back pain; school children