African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015, pp. 1016-1022
Bioline Code: hs15138
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015, pp. 1016-1022
© Copyright 2015 - African Health Sciences
The scourge of head injury among commercial motorcycle riders in Kampala; a preventable clinical and public health menace|
Kamulegeya, Louis H.; Kizito, Mark; Nassali, Rosemary; Bagayana, Shiela & Elobu, Alex E.
Background: Trauma is an increasingly important cause of disease globally. Half of this trauma is from road traffic injuries
with motorcycles contributing 21-58%. Low protective gear use, lack of regulation and weak traffic law enforcement contribute
to unsafe nature of commercial motorcycles also known as “boda boda” in Uganda.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of protective gear use, the occurrence of head injury and the relationship between
the two among commercial motorcycle riders in Kampala.
Methods: Following ethical approval we recruited consecutive consenting participants to this analytical cross-sectional
study. Data was collected using pretested interviewer administered questionnaires, double entered in Epidata and analyzed
with STATA. Proportions and means were used to summarize data. Odds ratios were calculated for association between
wearing helmets and occurrence and severity of head injury.
Results: All 328 participants recruited were male. Of these, 18.6% used Protective gear and 71.1 % sustained head injury.
Helmets protected users from head injury (OR 0.43, 95% CI, 0.23-0.8) and significantly reduced its severity when it occurred.
Conclusion: Protective gear use was low, with high occurrence of head injury among commercial motorcycle riders in
Uganda. More effective strategies are needed to promote protective gear use among Uganda’s commercial motorcycle riders.
Boda-boda, okada, commercial motorcycle, head injury, protective gear, helmet, Mulago hospital