African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 16, No. 2, 2016, pp. 480-489
Bioline Code: hs16061
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2016, pp. 480-489
© Copyright 2016 - African Health Sciences
Knowledge and use of asthma control measurement tools in the management of asthma: a survey of doctors working in family and internal medicine practice in Nigeria.|
Desalu, Olufemi Olumuyiwa; Onyedum, Cajetan C.; Adeoti, Adekunle O.; Ozoh, Obianuju B. & Fadare, Joseph O.
Objective: To investigate the knowledge and use of asthma control measurement (ACM) tools in the management of asthma
among doctors working in family and internal medicine practice in Nigeria.
Method: A questionnaire based on the global initiative on asthma (GINA) guideline was self-administered by 194 doctors. It
contains 12 test items on knowledge of ACM tools and its application. The knowledge score was obtained by adding the correct
answers and classified as good if the score ≥ 9, satisfactory if score was 6-8 and poor if < 6.
Results: The overall doctors knowledge score of ACM tools was 4.49±2.14 (maximum of 12). Pulmonologists recorded the
highest knowledge score of 10.75±1.85. The majority (69.6%) had poor knowledge score of ACM tools. Fifty (25.8%) assessed
their patients’ level of asthma control and 34(17.5%) at every visit. Thirty-nine (20.1%) used ACM tools in their consultation, 29
(15.0%) of them used GINA defined control while 10 (5.2 %) used asthma control test (ACT). The use of the tools was associated
with pulmonologists, having attended CME within six months and graduated within five years prior to the survey.
Conclusion: The results highlight the poor knowledge and use of ACM tools and the need to address the knowledge gap.
asthma control; knowledge; use; control tools; Nigeria