African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 16, No. 2, 2016, pp. 554-559
Bioline Code: hs16069
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2016, pp. 554-559
© Copyright 2016 - African Health Sciences
Geriatric fall-related injuries.|
Hefny, Ashraf F.; Abbas, Alaa K. & Abu-Zidan, Fikri M.
Background: Falls are the leading cause of geriatric injury.
Objectives: We aimed to study the anatomical distribution, severity, and outcome of geriatric fall-related injuries in order to give
recommendations regarding their prevention.
Methods: All injured patients with an age ≥ 60 years who were admitted to Al-Ain Hospital or died in the Emergency Department
due to falls were prospectively studied over a four year period.
Results: We studied 92 patients. Fifty six of them (60.9%) were females. The mean (standard deviation) of age was 72.2 (9.6)
years. Seventy three (89%) of all incidents occurred at home. Eighty three patients (90.2%) fell on the same level. The median
(range) ISS was 4 (1-16) and the median GCS (range) was 15 (12-15). The lower limb was the most common injured body region
(63%). There were no statistical significant differences between males and females regarding age, ISS, and hospital stay (p = 0.85,
p = 0.57, and p = 0.35 respectively).
Conclusion: The majority of geriatric fall-related injuries were due to fall from the same level at home. Assessment of risk factors
for falls including home hazards is essential for prevention of geriatric fall-related injuries.
Accidental fall; geriatrics; injury; trauma registry