Delivery practices, hygiene, birth attendance and neonatal infections in Karamoja, Uganda: a community-based study.|
Hopp, Leah J
Background: Drawing attention to home birth conditions and subsequent neonatal infections is a key starting point to reducing
neonatal morbidity which are a main cause of mortality in sub-Saharan Africa.
Objectives: To determine the proportion of respiratory, ophthalmic, and diarrhoeal infections in neonates; the proportion of
mothers of neonates, following clean delivery practices; and to explore existing community practices during delivery and the
Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, exploratory study, including 10 questionnaires and five Key-Informant interviews, in
rural Karamoja, Uganda.
Results: Post-delivery razor blade and string use was 90%, but clean delivery surface use only 30%, while 90% obtained bathing
water for neonates from boreholes. No mothers washed hands after latrine-related activities compared with 83% for food-related
activities. None delivered in health centres or with skilled birth attendants. Respiratory infections occurred in eight neonates,
compared to two ophthalmic infections, and no diarrhoea.
Conclusion: Use of clean delivery surfaces needs to be improved as well as washing after latrine-related activities. Diarrhoea
was far less common than expected. Since rural Mother-Infant pairs spend the majority of their post-delivery time around the
homestead, hygiene impacts neonatal infections to a large degree, possibly even more so than delivery practices.
Neonatal; birth; delivery; clean delivery kit (CDK); clean delivery practices; infection; diarrhoea; ophthalmic; respiratory; hygiene; traditional birth attendant (TBA); home; rural; community; Nakaale; Nakapiripirit; Karamoja; Uganda