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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 17, No. 3, 2017, pp. 790-796
Bioline Code: hs17098
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2017, pp. 790-796

 en Anti-bacterial, free radical scavenging activity and cytotoxicity of acetone extracts of Grewia flava check for this species in other resources .
Lamola, Stella Makgabo; Dzoyem, Jean Paul; Botha, Francien & Wyk, Candice van


Background: Bacterial infections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) cause vomiting, diarrhoea and even systemic disease. There is a need for the development of natural products into alternative and safer medicines.
Objectives: This study evaluated the anti-microbial activity of extracts prepared from berries, leaves,bark and roots of the edible plant Grewia flava.
Methods: The anti-bacterial activity was evaluated by the broth microdilution method. Anti-oxidant activity of the most active extracts was performed by 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. The cytotoxicity of the extracts was determined using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.
Results: The acetone extracts of the leaves and roots showed the best activity with MIC values as low as 0.03 mg/mL against Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources and Salmonella typhimurium check for this species in other resources and 0.07 mg/mL against Bacillus cereus check for this species in other resources , Escherichia coli check for this species in other resources and Staphylococcus aureus. Quantitative analysis of the scavenging ability showed that acetone extracts exhibited good free radical scavenging activity in a dose-dependent manner. The berries extract had the highest LC50 (lowest toxicity) of 551.68 68 µg/mL.
Conclusion: Acetone extract of leaves and roots of Grewia flava contain anti-microbial and anti-oxidant compounds and could therefore be used as a natural product with little toxicity to host cells.

Extracts; anti-microbial; cytotoxicity; enteric pathogens; Grewia flava

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