Burden and factors associated with post-stroke depression in East central Nigeria.|
Ibeneme, Sam Chidi; Nwosu, Akachukwu; Anyachukwu, Canice Chukwudi; Ibeneme, Georgian C; Bakare, Muideen O; Fortwengel, Gerhard & Limaye, Dnyanesh
Objective: To determine the burden and factors associated with post-stroke depression in East central Nigeria.
Method: We carried out this cross-sectional study of 50 stroke survivors (mean age=54.8 ± 8.8 years), at the physiotherapy Department of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. Data were collected using Becks Depression Inventory , it was analyzed using Z-scores, Chi-square test and univariate logistic regression.
Results: PSD was more common in females (45.45%); middle-age(60%) adults(27-36/47-56 years respectively); living with spouse (45%); left cerebral lesions (40.74%). Self-employed and unemployed (66.67%), respectively. Age was significantly associated with depression (p=0.03), and was related to the risk ofOR3.7 (95% CI 1.1-12.0 )
Conclusion: Age could be a risk factor for PSD, which was more prevalent in the elderly than young/middle-age adults, female gender, left cerebral lesion, complications, cold case; those living with a spouse, self-employed and unemployed.
Symptoms of post-stroke depression; modifiable characteristics of the vulnerable patients; African socio-cultural context