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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 17, No. 3, 2017, pp. 886-895
Bioline Code: hs17108
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2017, pp. 886-895

 en The prevalence of and factors associated with tobacco smoking behavior among long-distance drivers in Lagos, Nigeria.
Ozoh, Obianuju B; Akanbi, Maxwell O; Amadi, Casmir E; Vollmer, William & Bruce, Nigel


Background: Factors associated with tobacco smoking are useful in designing tobacco control programs.
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of and factors associated with tobacco smoking among long-distance drivers.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Stratified cluster sampling approach was used to select drivers based on if they received annual health screening (AHS) or not (non AHS). We used a structured questionnaire to obtain information and weighted the resulting observations to derive population based estimates. Association between tobacco smoking and socio-demographic factors was explored in multivariate models.
Results: 414 male drivers, mean age 43.6 (standard error 0.6) years. Population weighted prevalence of current smoking was 18.9% (95% CI: 14.3-23.4) of all drivers, 6.5% (95% CI: 2.6-10.4) of AHS drivers and 19.5 (95% CI: 14.7-24.2) of non AHS drivers (p<0.001). In multivariate models, having close friends that smoked (OR= 6.36, 95% CI= 2.49 - 16.20) cargo driving (OR= 2.58, 95% CI= 1.29 - 5.15) and lower education levels (OR for post-secondary education vs. primary education or less= 0.17, 95% CI= 0.04 - 0.81) were associated with current smoking.
Conclusion: Prevalence of tobacco smoking is higher among non AHS compared to AHS drivers. Having close friends that smoked, cargo driving, and lower education levels were associated with current smoking.

Tobacco smoking behavior; long-distance drivers; Lagos; Nigeria

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