African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 18, No. 2, 2018, pp. 343-351
Bioline Code: hs18044
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2018, pp. 343-351
© Copyright 2018 - Omatiga et al.
B-mode sonographic evaluation of optic nerve sheath diameter and lens thickness in Nigerian adults with glaucoma|
Omatiga, Achimugu G; Onakpoya, Oluwatoyin H; Idowu, Bukunmi M; Asaleye, Christianah M; Adegbehingbe, Bernice O & Aderibigbe, Adeniyi S
Objective: This study was done to investigate the effect(s) of glaucoma on the ocular optic nerve sheath diameter and lens
thickness using B-mode ultrasonography.
Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty study participants were recruited; 60 subjects with glaucoma and 60 age- and
sex-matched controls without glaucoma. The optic nerve sheath diameter and lens thickness of both eyes were measured using
a linear high frequency transducer with frequency of 6.5-12MHz.
Results: The mean optic nerve sheath diameter of the glaucomatous eyes (3.57 ± 0.19mm and 3.59 ± 0.33mm on the right and
left, respectively) were significantly thinner than that of controls (4.23 ± 0.34 mm and 4.26 ± 0.30 mm on the right and left,
respectively; p < 0.001). There is increased mean lens thickness in the glaucomatous eyes (4.15 ± 0.43mm and 4.18 ± 0.46mm
on the right and left, respectively) than in the controls (4.01 ± 0.56mm and 3.99 ± 0.45mm on the right and left, respectively)
with a statistically significant difference seen in the left eye (p = 0.024).
Conclusion: B-mode ultrasound is a reliable tool of assessing the nerve sheath diameter and lens thickness in glaucoma. Optic
nerve sheath diameter is reduced in glaucoma
Glaucoma; ultrasonography; optic nerve sheath diameter; lens thickness.