African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 18, No. 2, 2018, pp. 359-368
Bioline Code: hs18046
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2018, pp. 359-368
© Copyright 2018 - Elgamri et al.
Infant oral mutilation (IOM) related to traditional practices among inner city pre-school children in Sudan|
Elgamri, Alya Isam; Ahmed, Azza Tagelsir; Haj-Siddig, Omer Elfatih & Chin, Judith R
Background: The term Infant Oral Mutilation (IOM) refers to the aggressive cultural rituals where primary canine tooth germs
of infants are enucleated for therapeutic reasons.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for IOM among inner city pre-school children in Khartoum.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 212 randomly selected children from twelve government pre-schools in Khartoum were
examined for the presence of IOM. Socio-demographic, feeding and teething-related data were collected by self-administered
Results: The mean age of the sample was 4.7 years. The prevalence of clinical IOM was 10.8%. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that children who suffered from diarrhea during teething were 7.15 times more likely to have clinical IOM over
their counterparts (p<0.0001). Mothers who were educated below elementary school level were 2.69 times more likely to have
children showing clinical IOM (p= 0.0369).
Conclusion: The present study showed that the practice of IOM is common among inner city children. Certain teething-related
symptoms especially diarrhea and maternal education could be strong determinants of the malpractice of IOM.
Infant oral mutilation (IOM); traditional practices; pre-school children; Sudan.