African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 18, No. 3, 2018, pp. 707-719
Bioline Code: hs18088
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2018, pp. 707-719
© Copyright 2018 - Mayega et al.
Clinical presentation of newly diagnosed diabetes patients in a rural district hospital in Eastern Uganda|
Mayega, Roy William & Rutebemberwa, Elizeus
Background: Our objective was to describe the clinical presentation of new diabetes patients in a rural hospital, to enhance
clinical detection in low resource settings.
Methods: A case series assessment of 103 new diabetes patients consecutively enrolled at Iganga Hospital in rural Eastern
Uganda was conducted. All underwent a basic clinical assessment through the clinic’s routine procedures.Following diagnosis,
variables pertinent to the study (symptoms, blood pressure, anthropometry, and blood glucose) were secondarily abstracted from
their clinical records.
Results: Fiftty two percent of new diabetes patients were female. The mean age was 49 years (SD=14.4). Two clinical symptoms
were present in almost all new patients: Frequent urination (100%) and frequent thirst (79%). Moderately occurring symptoms
(i.e. 25-50% of patients) included blurred vision, frequent eating and frequent sweating. The mean duration of symptoms was
1.4 years; 48% had high blood pressure while 46% were overweight. Random blood sugar was normal for 25% of patients. The
majority (71%) were classified as having ‘moderate illness’ at diagnosis. Severe illness was significantly lower among patients aged
40 or older compared to younger patients (OR 0.1; 95% CI 0.03-0.35).
Conclusion: Out-patients aged 40-65 years should be prioritised for early diabetes diagnosis and associated risk factors in this
Diabetes; clinical presentation; newly diagnosed; unrecognized disease