Under nutrition and associated factors among school adolescents in Dangila Town, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study|
Demilew, Yeshalem Mulugeta & Emiru, Amanu Aragaw
Background: Under nutrition in adolescents is an important determinant of health outcomes. Yet, adolescents are not usually
part of health and nutrition surveys. Therefore, this research was conducted to assess factors associated with under nutrition
among school adolescents.
Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 424 school adolescents from November 1-15, 2015. Simple random
sampling was used to select the study participants. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS
version 20 software. Both bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify predictors of under
nutrition. Furthermore, anthropometric data were calculated using Anthro-plus software.
Result: The prevalence of stunting and thinness were 24.8 % and 7.1 %, respectively. Male gender [AOR=3.2, 95 % CI: (1.7,
5.8)], infrequent food intake [AOR=4.6, 95% CI: (2.6, 8.0)], unavailability of latrine [AOR=2.7, 95 % CI: (1.2, 6.0)], and poor
hand washing practice [AOR=3.9, 95 % CI: (1.9, 8.1)] were independent predictors of stunting. Factors associated with thinness
were being male [AOR=11.5, 95% CI: (3.3, 39.5)], illness in the last two weeks [AOR=2.9, 95 % CI: (1.2, 7.0)], and having more
than five family members [AOR=3.6, 95% CI: (1.3, 9.4)].
Conclusion: The prevalence of under nutrition was high in this study. Infrequent food intake, unavailability of a latrine, poor
hand washing practice, and large family members were the factors associated with under nutrition. There is need to implement
nutrition education to school adolescents by giving emphasis on environmental and personal hygiene.
Adolescent; stunting; thinness.