African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 18, No. 4, 2018, pp. 942-949
Bioline Code: hs18115
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2018, pp. 942-949
© Copyright 2018 - Adegoke et al.
Prevalence and pattern of cardiovascular-related causes of out-of- hospital deaths in Lagos, Nigeria|
Adegoke, Oluseyi; Awolola, Nicholas Awodele & Ajuluchukwu, Jayne Ngozi
Background: In developed countries 50% - 75% of deaths from cardiovascular-diseases occurs out-of-hospital. In Nigeria
where patronage of orthodox health facilities is low, the impact of cardiovascular-related diseases on out-of-hospital mortality
has been sparsely studied.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and pattern of cardiovascular-related causes of out-of-hospital deaths in Lagos, Nigeria.
Methods: A 5-year retrospective review of all autopsied medical decedents brought-in-dead (BID) to a Nigerian tertiary health
facility to identify cardiovascular-related causes of death.
Results: A total of 90 cardiovascular-related deaths out of 176 medical BID cases were identified, giving a prevalence of 51.1%.
Mean age was 65.2 ± 15.6 years. Male: Female ratio was 1.4: 1, the females were older (68.29 ± 14.89) vs (61.63 ± 15.55) years.
Age group > 60 years accounted for 63.3% of deaths. Commonest primary diseases were hypertensive heart disease (48.9%) and
cerebrovascular accident (24.4%). Myocardial infarction occurred in 8.9%. Heart failure, cerebral dysfunction and unspecified
circulatory collapse were the causes of death in 54.4%, 23.3% and 14.4% respectively.
Conclusion: Cardiovascular-related diseases are major contributors to out-of-hospital medical deaths occurring chiefly in those
>60 years. Hypertensive heart disease and heart failure are the greatest contributors to this cardiovascular–related disease mortality.
Pattern of out-of-hospital deaths; brought-in-dead (BID); cardiovascular-related disease mortality in Nigeria.