African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 18, No. 4, 2018, pp. 1204-1213
Bioline Code: hs18128
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2018, pp. 1204-1213
© Copyright 2018 - Adane et al.
Low birth weight and associated factors among singleton neonates born at Felege Hiwot referral hospital, North West Ethiopia|
Adane, Teje & Dachew, Berihun Assefa
Background: Low birth weight is one of the public health problems in the globe and it is an indicator of the health of the
newborn survival and the mother’s nutrition and health status. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of low birth
weight and its associated factors among mothers who gave birth at Bahir Dar Felege Hiwot referral hospital.
Methods: A cross-sectional facility based study was conducted from March 18 to May 18 / 2015. A total of 662 mothers were
included in the study.The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. Bivariate and multivariable logistic
regression was used to identify factors associated with low birth weight.
Results: The prevalence of low birth weight was found to be 11.6%. Age of the mothers (20-34 years) AOR= 0.4(95% CI:
0.19-0.93), low income AOR=2.6 (95%CI: 1.16-6.05), gestational age < 37 weeks AOR=18.2 (95% CI:9.26-35.94), MUAC<23
cm AOR =3.4 (95%CI:1.38-8.60) and pregnancy induced hypertension AOR=6.5 (95%CI:3.06-14.0) were factors associated
with low birth weight.
Conclusion: The prevalence of low birth weight was in line with WHO estimate for sub-Saharan Africa. Nutritional counseling
and early detection and management of pregnancy induced hypertension is recommended.
Low birth weight; prevalence; Northwest Ethiopia.