Mosquitoes are considered as the main groups of arthropods that cause nuisance and public health
Evaluation of resistance to temephos insecticide in Culex pipiens pipiens
larvae collected from three districts of Tunisia.
Late third and early fourth instars larvae of Culex pipiens pipiens
were collected in three localities of Northern and Southern Tunisia. Field collected populations were tested against temephos insecticide and compared to bioassays of a susceptible reference strain. The cross-resistance between temephos and propoxur, and the polymorphism
of over-produced esterases and AChE 1 were investigated.
Studied populations exhibited tolerance to temephos with low and high levels of resistance. The resistance
) values of temephos ranged from 1.34 to 114. Synergists and starch electrophoresis showed that the metabolic resistances were involved in the recorded resistance. Likewise, the resistant target site (acetyl cholinesterase:
AChE 1) was responsible for the recorded resistance to temephos compound in Culex pipiens pipiens
The low and high resistance recorded to temephos insecticides is particularly interesting, because it
leaves a range of tools useable by vector control services. However, further studies are needed to determine its spread
and anticipate vector control failure where these insecticides are used.
Cite as: Tabbabi A, Daaboub J, Laamari A, Cheikh RB, Feriani M, Boubaker C, Jha IB, Cheikh HB. Evaluation of resistance
to temephos insecticide in Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae collected from three districts of Tunisia. Afri Health Sci.
2019;19(1): 1361-1367. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i1.8