Multidrug resistant Staphylococcus aureus
in clinical and environmental samples is a global problem. Data comparing
antibiogram of bacteria from these two sources in Nigeria is scarce. Therefore, this study compares antibiogram of isolates from
both sources from Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria.
A total of 120 and 150 clinical and aquatic samples respectively were collected for a five months period. Samples
were analyzed for isolation of S. aureus
using mannitol salt agar. Bacteria identification were carried out using standard biochemical characterization. Antibiogram of the isolates were determined using disc diffusion methods and comparison with Clinical
Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI)’s Standard.
A total of 120 and 45 S. aureus
were isolated from both clinical and aquatic samples respectively. Highest (100.0%)
resistance to cloxacillin was observed among isolates from each source. Clinical and aquatic isolates showed least resistance of
20.0% and 48.0% respectively to gentamicin. All isolated S. aureus
(165) from this studies were multidrug resistant with different
antibiotic resistant pattern.
This study revealed that multidrug resistance strains of S. aureus
can be isolated from both clinical and drinking
water sources, hence, a public health significance that calls for urgent attention by clinicians and public health workers.
Cite as: Adesoji AT, Onuh JP, Bagu J, SA I. Prevalence and antibiogram study of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical and selected drinking
water of Dutsin-Ma, Katsina state, Nigeria. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1385-1392. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i1.11