Persistent antigenic stimulation due to repeated exposure to nickel may lead to chronic inflammation resulting in
allergic contact dermatitis (ACD).
This study was performed to assess nickel induced immune activation among patients sensitized against nickel.
Patients and Methods:
A total of 35 patients (29 females and 6 males; mean age 36±9 years) with nickel contact dermatitis and
20 patch test negative healthy individuals (14 females and 6 males; mean age 29±7 years) were included in this study. Peripheral
blood of patients and controls was incubated with nickel sulfate for 24 hours. Immune activation was assessed by CD69 up-regulation on T lymphocyte sub-sets by flow cytometry.
Base line expression of CD69 on CD8+
lymphocytes was higher among patients compared to controls
(4.1±1.3%vs2.8±1.1%;p<0.009). There was no difference in proportions of CD±CD69+
cells between patients and controls
(3.2±0.9%vs2.3±0.8%). Exposure to nickel induced expression of CD69 on a significantly higher proportion of CD4+
lymphocytes (22.1±6.2%) of the ACD patients compared to controls (2.8±2.5%;p<0.0001). Similarly nickel induced CD69 expression
on a higher proportion of CD8+
lymphocytes (18.2±5.3%) from ACD patients compared to the controls (1.9±1.8%;p<0.0006).
CD69 molecule appears to be an important regulator of immune response in nickel contact dermatitis.
Cite as: Zahid S, Mustafa A, Dina A, Sawsan B, Felwa A, Mohammed G, et al. Nickel challenge up regulates CD69 expression on T lymphocyte sub-sets from patients with nickel induced contact dermatitis. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1460-1466. https://dx.doi. org/10.4314/ahs.v19i1.19