Adjunctive uterotonic in patients at risk of primary post-partum haemorrhage may reduce its incidence.
To compare the effectiveness and safety of adjunctive rectal misoprostol with adjunctive intravenous oxytocin for the prevention of primary post-partum haemorrhage in at risk patients.
Materials and methods:
A total of 122 patients with risk factors for uterine atony were allocated to receive either
600μg of rectal misoprostol (n= 61) or 20IU of oxytocin infusion (n=61) after routine management of third stage of
labour. Post-partum blood loss was measured using differential delivery towel and pad weighing.
There was similarity in the estimated post-partum blood loss, with no significant difference in the mean
post-partum hematocrit levels between the adjunctive rectal misoprostol group and oxytocin infusion group (P=0.712).
There was no difference in the need for additional intervention of uterotonics between the two groups. There were
however, higher incidences of shivering and pyrexia among those that received misoprostol compared with the oxytocin group.
Rectal misoprostol is as effective and safe as oxytocin when used as an adjunctive uterotonic in preventing primary post-partum haemorrhage in patients with risk factors for uterine atony after active management of third
stage of labour.
Cite as: Muhammad R, Isah A, Agida T, Akaba G. A prospective study to compare the effectiveness of adjunctive rectal misoprostol or
oxytocin titration in the prevention of primary post-partum haemorrhage in at risk patients. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1517-1524.