Urinary tract infections (UTI) are frequently encountered medical complications of pregnancy.
This study was aimed at analyzing the bacterial resistance in urogenital tract as well as the immunological profile
amongst pregnant and non-pregnant women at Mbouda Ad-Lucem Hospital, Western Region of Cameroon.
A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2015 to May 2016 at Mbouda Ad-Lucem hospital on 104
pregnant women and 24 non-pregnant women. The midstream urine from participants was analysed for the presence, isolation
and identification of the uro-pathogens, using selective and specific bacterial culture media. An antibiotic susceptibility tests
was carried out using disk diffusion method. Blood samples were collected for C-reactive protein (CRP) dosage, CD4 and CD8
Out of 128 participants in this study, a high prevalence of uro-pathogens and resistance strains was observed. The
most prevalent urinary tract pathogens were Staphylococcus sp.
with 45% and 38.89% respectively in pregnant and non-pregnant
women. Staphylococcus sp.
showed resistance to Amoxicillin (AMO; 55.56%) and Chloramphenicol (CHL; 100%) respectively in
pregnant and non-pregnant women. Pregnant women had a significantly high average of granulocytes (p=0.009), monocytes
(P=0.001), high ratio of CD4/CD8 (p< 0.0001) and significantly low CD8 lymphocytes (p< 0.0001) average compared to
This study outlines high prevalence of Staphylococcus sp
as the main urinary tract infectious pathogen in women
at Mbouda Ad-Lucem hospital. It prevalence was accompanied with resistance to the routine antibiotics treatment, and a pronounced lymphocytosis and monocytosis.
Cite as: Ndamason LM, Marbou WJT, Kuete V. Urinary tract infections, bacterial resistance and immunological status: a cross sectional study
in pregnant and non-pregnant women at Mbouda Ad-Lucem Hospital. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1525-1535. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/