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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 19, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1563-1565
Bioline Code: hs19029
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1563-1565

 en Newborn resuscitation practices and paucity of resuscitative devices in Nigeria; a call to action
Okonkwo, Ikechukwu Richard; Ezeaka, Veronica Chinyere; Mustapha, Bello; Ezeanosike, Obum; Tongo, Olukemi; Okolo, Angela A.; Olateju, Eyinade Kudirat; Oruamabo, Raphael & Ibe, Bede


Background: Neonatal resuscitation is a method of preventing morbidities & mortality from asphyxia. Up to 85% of facilities in sub-Saharan Africa lack supplies or skilled personnel for neonatal resuscitation. Relative to the place of birth and the skill of the birth attendant, a variety of resuscitative practice are employed to make babies cry instead of helping the baby breathe. Many painful procedures are applied when the baby is unable to cry after birth in the absence of a health care worker trained in bag-mask ventilation.
Objectives: To ascertain the resuscitation practices in communities lacking bag-mask-valve devices
Methods: Surveys on the resuscitation practices during NISONM annual community outreach and mENCC trainings for four consecutive years in different geopolitical zones of the country.
Results: Spanking of the baby usually in the upside down position (>90%), body massage with hot compress or salicylate containing balms, herbal concoctions, injection hydrocortisone or crystalline penicillin were used.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to address the issue of training on bag-mask ventilation and provision for frontline healthcare workers in Nigeria as a neonatal mortality reduction strategy.

Cite as: Okonkwo IR, Ezeaka VC, Mustapha B, Ezeanosike O, Tongo O, Okolo AA, et al. Newborn resuscitation practices and paucity of resuscitative devices in Nigeria; a call to action. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1563-1565.

Newborn resuscitation; paucity of resuscitative device; Nigeria

© Copyright 2019 - Okonkwo et al.

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