Nationwide studies have focused only on prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized children, while medical nutrition therapies and assessing nutritional interventions is neglected.
This research was conducted in tertiary level children hospitals in the NorthEastern region of Iran for 1 year from
2016 to 2017. Five questions were included in the initial assessment form and, if there was even one positive response, nutritional interventions were prescribed for the patients.
A total of 65 children aged ≥ 5 years and hospitalized for ≥ two days were included. 24.6% of patients had 2 >BMI
Z-score>-2 at time of admission. At the beginning of the study, weight loss more than 10%, and appetite loss or decreased food
intake was observed in 10.8% and 20% of the study population, respectively. Median BMI percentile of patients with nutritional
intervention was 8.9 (0.1-98.7) at the beginning of the study and 12.7 (0.1-98.4) at discharge time which shows a significant
Medical nutrition therapy employed in this study prevented deterioration of nutritional status of children during
hospitalization and was effective in stabilizing indices of nutritional status.
Cite as: Malek A, Hashemi M, Anjomrooz M, Torabi P, B I. Malnutrition and medical nutrition therapy in hospitalized children: a case study
of using national malnutrition screening tools in northeastern Iran. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1566-1573. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.