Childhood immunization rate is lowest in the core-North Nigeria. We examined the relationship between inequality in household wealth and complete childhood immunization in that part of the country.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4079 mothers with children 12-23 months of age. Children were
considered ‘fully-immunized’ if they received all the vaccines included in the immunization schedule. Data were analyzed using
descriptive statistics and logistic regression models (α=5.0%).
About 39% and 5.0% children of the rich and poor received complete immunization respectively. Also, 64.2% and
49.6% children of the rich women received BCG and DPT 3 compared to 15.9% and 8.7% observed among the children of
the poor. Higher proportion of children from poor households (40.6%) received no immunization than 20.8% found from the
rich households. The likelihood of receiving complete immunization was 1.95(C.I=1.35-2.80, p<0.001) times higher among the
children of the rich than the poor. Other important predictors of childhood immunization were age, religion, media access,
working status, husband’s education, prenatal attendants and delivery place.
Disparities existed in childhood immunization between the poor and rich in the core-North part of Nigeria. Policy
makers should institute effective interventions that will assist children from poor households to improve their immunization
Cite as: Adebowale A, Obembe T, E B. Relationship between household wealth and childhood immunization in core-North Nigeria. Afri Health
Sci. 2019;19(1). 1582-1593. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i1.33